4 Animals That Don’t Have Resident Gut Microbiomes

4 Animals That Don’t Have Resident Gut Microbiomes


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We humans couldn’t live without our gut microbes, but not all animals rely on microscopic digestive communities like we do. And understanding why these animals ditched their microbial partners can teach us a lot about the costs and benefits of making evolutionary friends. Hosted by: Michael Aranda SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It's called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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Sources: General:
http://fiererlab.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Hammer_etal_2019_FEMSMicro.pdf https://www2.rowland.harvard.edu/files/rowland/files/journal.pbio_.2000225.pdf https://www.kavlifoundation.org/about-microbiome Bats:
https://academic.oup.com/femsle/article/364/1/fnw284/2703130 https://msystems.asm.org/content/4/6/e00511-19 https://www.nwf.org/Educational-Resources/Wildlife-Guide/Mammals/Bats/Little-Brown-Bat http://rcin.org.pl/Content/12254/BI002_2613_Cz-40-2_Acta-T39-nr1-11_o.pdf https://www.asm.org/Press-Releases/2020/The-Birds-and-the-Bats-Evolving-to-Fly-May-Have-Ha Caterpillars:
https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2017/08/21/1707186114.abstract Ants:
https://academic.oup.com/icb/article/57/4/705/4049474 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20957208 https://www.pnas.org/content/112/33/10169?ijkey=5485a601c2ecc609994110b7fc7eb8dab5274d52&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha https://www.researchgate.net/publication/313130878_Hotspots_for_symbiosis_Function_evolution_and_specificity_of_ant-microbe_associations_from_trunk_to_tips_of_the_ant_phylogeny_Hymenoptera_Formicidae Stick bugs:
https://www.nature.com/articles/srep26388/ https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2164-15-917 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022191013002278 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0965174816300078 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0145305X19303477 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3856447/ https://bioone.org/journals/Journal-of-Orthoptera-Research/volume-24/issue-1/034.024.0105/Review-of-the-Gross-Anatomy-and-Microbiology-of-the-Phasmatodea/10.1665/034.024.0105.full https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3068243/ https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/horizontal-gene-transfer-a-hallmark-of-animal-genomes-35791 Oysters:
https://aem.asm.org/content/aem/44/5/1205.full.pdf
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00248-018-1226-9
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00248-017-1051-6
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2019.01548/full Images: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Myotis_myotis_Gro%C3%9Fes_Mausohr2.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lesser_short-nosed_fruit_bat_(Cynopterus_brachyotis).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Greater_Indian_fruit_bat_@_Kanjirappally_04.jpg
Myotis bechsteinii
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Desmo-boden.tif
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Myotis_myotis_Gro%C3%9Fes_Mausohr2.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Artemia_salina_4.jpg

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