Professional flower growers and amateurs of flowers are well known for their garden buttercup or Ranunculus. This plant is able to decorate any flower bed or flower bed. In appearance, buttercups are very similar to small roses. These flowers are original in appearance and diverse in color.
This herb is derived during breeding. Wild species differ from the garden buttercup in smaller sizes. The plant is unpretentious and does not require special care. The flower belongs to perennial plants.
In appearance, the plant resembles a low shrub (from 40 centimeters to 1 meter in height) with a straight stem and a tuberous root system. Flowers of buttercups of medium size (about 10 centimeters in diameter) can be of very different colors, except for the shades of blue.
Before planting buttercups in your garden, well weigh all the pros and cons, because the plant is considered poisonous. Adults will be able to follow the precautionary measures, but in the house with children the garden buttercup should not be grown.
Popular types and varieties
- Asian buttercup - this variety is distinguished by beautiful double flowers that have a lot in common with roses. The half-shrub reaches about forty centimeters in height.
- African buttercup - this variety is very much like a peony. Its distinctive features are the petals of flowers, which are wrapped inward and bright green leaves of a large size.
- A corpulent buttercup - this species is often found in the wild, prefers wet meadow or forest soils and semi-shady areas. The plant is frost-resistant, has medicinal properties. Active flowering begins at the beginning of summer, the flowers have a golden yellow color.
- Aconite buttercup - this species is distinguished by a white or yellow bloom. The shrub reaches a height of almost 80 centimeters.
- Anemolistniy buttercup is a short-grown shrub plant (no more than 30 centimeters in height).
- Multicolored buttercup - this perennial view of the half-shrub blossoms throughout the summer, medium in height (about half a meter), blooms with shiny yellow flowers.
Their decorative properties garden buttercups retain for 3-4 years, after which it is desirable to update the variety.
When and where to plant buttercups in the open ground
Already at the end of winter it is worth taking care of purchasing the planting material. Until early April, it is recommended to store tubers in a cool (no more than seventeen degrees of heat), but a well-ventilated room. It is desirable to plant the plant (on seedlings) in an individual pot or peat tablet, since the buttercups do not tolerate the transplant badly.
You can land tubers immediately in the open ground, but you need to do this a little later, around the second half of May. At this time the warm weather is already coming, which is very important for garden buttercups, since they belong to heat-loving plants and will not suffer low night temperatures.
Place for planting flowers should be in the penumbra, preferably not in a draft and not in an open area. Strong wind gusts the plant does not like. The site can be located near a low tree or shrub. Decorative qualities of buttercup will suffer in the open space under direct sunlight. Its flowering will be short-lived and not plentiful.
Neighborhood with other plants and flowers
The garden buttercup is beautifully combined on a flower bed with various plants. Its color scheme allows you to be a self-sufficient flower, but in combination with flowering plants of blue and blue it looks even more chic.
Experienced growers advise to pay attention to the "aggressiveness" of the root system of the plant. It can grow very quickly and can harm neighboring cultures, occupying their territory.
Requirements for the composition of the soil
Before planting tubers in the open ground, it is recommended to take care of its nutrition. Use fertilizer as a fertilizer. The acidity of the soil must be neutral, and the soil itself is loose and light.
Rules for planting buttercups
Tubers of plants, which were stored for about 1-1.5 months in a cool room, now must be soaked in a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate or in a growth accelerator. Within twelve hours, the planting material will be saturated with the necessary amount of moisture, and the roots will swell a little.
On the prepared land you can prepare small holes in advance about 20 centimeters from each other. Plant one tuber (roots down) in each well to a depth of 4-5 centimeters. After about a couple of weeks, the first shoots will appear.
With unfavorable forecasts of weather forecasters and the threat of cooling, beds with plants are better insulated.
Care of the flower buttercup in the open ground
To care for this garden herbaceous plant does not take much time and special attention.
Irrigations should be carried out regularly, but moderate. Do not overabundance of moisture. With prolonged rainy weather, plants can begin to rot, so you need to use a film cover. At the end of the summer season, watering should be gradually reduced, and then completely discontinued (with the appearance of fading leaves).
For abundant flowering, a good air exchange is necessary for the root system, so loosening of the soil is required.
Good flowering depends on the availability of essential nutrients in the soil. As fertilizer use nitrogen fertilizers (at the initial stage of plant development) and complex fertilizers with potassium and phosphorus (during the flowering period). Top dressing is recommended to be applied twice a month with an interval of two weeks.
To the flowering period was longer, you need to timely save the plant from the dried flowers.
How to Store Tubers
Garden buttercups can not stand cold winter temperatures, so they need to dig out the tubers in late September, thoroughly cleaned of soil and dried. Then each tuber can be placed in a pot with dry peat soil or wrapped in any natural tissue. In this way, at a temperature of twenty to twenty-two degrees, plants can be preserved until the next season.
Reproduction of buttercups
The most popular and uncomplicated way to reproduce a garden buttercup is to divide the root. This method allows you to immediately get a few young bush.
Seed method of reproduction is used extremely rarely because of low seed germination. First, the seeds are sown in large planting boxes (in the last winter days) into a soil mixture consisting of peat, sand and garden soil to a depth of not more than 2 centimeters. For fifteen days, the containers are kept at a temperature of 10 to 15 degrees, maintaining a constant soil moisture.
The first shoots should appear in about 25-30 days. Their appearance is the time of transfer of boxes to a warm room (more than 20 degrees). Now young seedlings need a lot of light and heat. If necessary, you can light the plants with additional lighting.
Seedlings can be moved to the garden site only in the last week of May or early June. The plant grown in this way in the first year does not bloom.
Flowers of buttercup in landscape design
Garden buttercups - this is a unique decorative ornament on the flower bed, garden plot, lawn or flower pot. Its multi-colored palette allows you to create unusually beautiful floral arrangements. This plant is perfectly combined with various plant cultures.
This flower is used in its work by landscape designers and composers of bouquets, flower growers and decorators of solemn events.
Cultivation of the buttercup at home
For cultivation at home, only buttercup varieties with small growth, not more than 40 centimeters, will do. Such species can grow in an ordinary flower pot and do not require additional support. Contain the plant can be on a glass balcony or a warm loggia.
For one bush, approximately one liter of soil is needed. Its composition is the same as on an open land plot. With regard to care, it will be necessary to water the plant more often, because the soil dries quickly due to a small amount of soil mixture in the container.
At the end of the flowering period and the fall of the foliage, the container with the root tuber should be stored in a dry, protected from light, place for two months. In late February - early March, the plant will begin to appear above the ground.
Diseases and pests
Basically, all the diseases of the garden buttercup arise due to improper care. The most common reason is too much waterlogged soil. From this, roots begin to rot, fall flower buds and powdery mildew appear.
In the fight against powdery mildew, various insecticidal solutions and aerosols will help. In order not to stagnate water in the ground, it is necessary to take care of the drainage when planting and do not forget about loosening the soil. Sometimes, drying the wilting plant can usually dry the soil.
On excessive watering signals the appearance of mold on the leaf part of the plant. In this case, you need to completely abandon irrigation for a while. The soil will dry up a little, and the flower will again please with its flowering.
The most common pests in garden buttercup - a spider mite and a nematode.
Symptoms of tick appearance are spots on the leaves (silvery or yellow in color). In this case, urgent treatment with special drugs is needed.
Signs of the appearance of the nematode are twisting in the leaves, slow growth of the plant. The roots of such plants urgently need manganese treatment. It is enough to rinse the roots of the plant extracted from the ground in a pink solution and the pest will die.
How to grow raununculus (video)