80195 How Tongues Helped Vertebrates Conquer Land

How Tongues Helped Vertebrates Conquer Land


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You might not think much of your tongue, but without it, we may have never conquered dry land and the world as we know it. Hosted by: Michael Aranda SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It's called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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Sources: References:
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/362/6413/460
https://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/basihyal
https://www.floridamuseum.ufl.edu/discover-fish/sharks/shark-biology/ https://www.sciencefocus.com/nature/do-fish-have-tongues/
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hyoid
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1546509805230029
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/sarcopterygian
https://www.dictionary.com/browse/devonian
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2015.0057
https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn27181-tongues-may-have-evolved-from-a-mouthful-of-water/
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/vertebrates/tetrapods/tetraintro.html
https://tiktaalik.uchicago.edu/meetTik.html
http://jeb.biologists.org/content/jexbio/221/8/jeb154427.full.pdf
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/vertebrates/tetrapods/amniota.html https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1570891/
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0198078
https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2018/06/dinosaur-trex-tongue-alligator-spd/
http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.22.3754&rep=rep1&type=pdf
https://www.the-scientist.com/features/why-human-speech-is-special–64351
https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/dysphagia
https://www.biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2017/02/14/106955.full.pdf IMAGES https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Maldives_manta_ray.jpg#/media/File:Maldives_m https://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/93855.php https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Guiyu_BW.jpg#/media/File:Guiyu_BW.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tiktaalik_restoration_by_ObsidianSoul_01.png#/media/File:Tiktaalik_restoration_by_ObsidianSoul_01.png https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tiktaalik_Chicago.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Surgical_anatomy_-_a_treatise_on_human_anatomy_in_its_application_to_the_practice_of_medicine_and_surgery_(1901)_(14759834806).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Salamander_larva_closeup.jpg#/media/File:Salamander_larva_closeup.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cetorhinus_maximus_by_greg_skomal.JPG#/media/File:Cetorhinus_maximus_by_greg_skomal.JPG

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