Splat! 5 Species that Masquerade as Bird Droppings

Splat! 5 Species that Masquerade as Bird Droppings




It’s tough out there for small animals. Other animals are always trying to eat them, so they have to use tactics like blending in or being toxic to stay alive. These 5 animals, however, take self-preservation to a whole new level, and disguise themselves as… bird poop. Hosted by: Stefan Chin SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It's called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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Sources:
General
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/amphibians/group/poison-dart-frogs/
https://phys.org/news/2018-10-elucidating-cuttlefish-camouflage.html
https://www.pnas.org/content/108/16/6532.short
https://www.audubon.org/news/what-makes-bird-poop-white
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10336-019-01692-5
https://australianmuseum.net.au/blog-archive/amri-news/amri-bird-poo-frogs-more-species/
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282246084_Theloderma_asperum_Hill_garden_Bug-eyed_frog_Defensive_behavior
https://www.news.uct.ac.za/article/-2015-10-12-how-plants-dupe-dung-beetles-into-burying-their-seeds
https://www.nature.com/articles/nplants2015141 Potter wasps
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03946975.2015.1027103
https://www.insectidentification.org/insect-description.asp?identification=Potter-Wasp
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0085-56262013005000044&script=sci_arttext
https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/galveston/beneficials/beneficial-30_potter_wasp_eumenes.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potter_wasp Orb web spiders
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/spider-web-spun-look-bird-poop-180951589/
https://www.nature.com/articles/srep05058 Caterpillars
https://www.insectidentification.org/insect-description.asp?identification=Giant-Swallowtail-Butterfly
http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/citrus/giantswallowtail.htm
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347215001463 Bird-dung crab spiders
https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn28124-zoologger-a-spider-that-looks-and-smells-like-bird-droppings/
https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1365-2656.12177
http://gb.oversea.cnki.net/KCMS/detail/detail.aspx?filename=1016047741.nh&dbcode=CMFD&dbname=CMFDTEMP https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/asjaa1936/48/1/48_1_71/_pdf http://www.chanel-00.com/lib_/Qikan/Article/Detail%3Fid%3D665129207&prev=search Macrocilix maia
https://www.biointeractive.org/classroom-resources/art-hiding
http://www.myrmecos.net/2011/08/30/a-mural-on-moth-wings/ Image Sources:
https://figshare.com/articles/Bird_dropping_masquerading_of_the_nest_by_the_potter_wasp_i_Minixi_suffusum_i_Fox_1899_Hymenoptera_Vespidae_Eumeninae_/1400491
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Potter%27s_Wasp_Nests.jpg
https://www.flickr.com/photos/treegrow/46268384155 https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/15520576
Orange dog caterpillar
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Papilio_cresphontes_larva_defensive.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cyclosa_ginnaga_(%E3%82%AE%E3%83%B3%E3%83%8A%E3%82%AC%E3%82%B4%E3%83%9F%E3%82%B0%E3%83%A2)_(15009463214).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cyclosa.ginnaga.male.1.-.tanikawa.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%E3%82%AE%E3%83%B3%E3%83%8A%E3%82%AC%E3%82%B4%E3%83%9F%E3%82%B0%E3%83%A2_(Cyclosa_ginnaga)_(15508045951).jpg
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/16148293 https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/20873833
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/20873892
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31044535
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Phrynarachne_ceylonica_(37664885586).jpg
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/19818462 https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Macrocilix_maia.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Macrocilix_maia_(23481819553).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Macrocilix_maia_(34360241635).jpg
Macrocilix maia (Drepanidae: Drepaninae)
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:A43-20170426-137_(34909531601).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sarcophagid_fly_Portrait.jpg https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/19568181
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/19568175
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Theloderma_asperum.png

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